Anglo-Burmese War, First

Anglo-Burmese War, First
   War between Burma and British India broke out on two fronts in January 1824: Cachar in northeastern India and the border between Burmese-ruled Arakan (Rhakine) and British Bengal. The latter had been the site of border clashes and insurgent activity by Arakanese rebels since King Bodawpaya conquered and sacked the kingdom of Arakan in 1784. The Burmese commander, Maha Bandula, adopted an aggressive policy of catching the British in a double pincer movement, planning to invade Bengal from Arakan while a second force would enter British Indian territory from the northeastern hills; his goal was apparently the conquest of Bengal. But Maha Bandula's strategy was thwarted by an unexpected British landing at Rangoon (Yangon) on May 10, 1824. Forced to return home from Arakan, he attempted to blockade the British in Rangoon, but was killed in battle in April 1825 at Danubyu (now in Irrawaddy [Ayeyarwady] Division). The British expeditionary force moved north along the Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) River, capturing Prome (Pyay) and coming within 64 kilometers of the royal capital at Ava (Inwa). His capital endangered, King Bagyidaw (r. 1819-1838) was obliged to sign the Treaty of Yandabo on February 24, 1826; it provided for cession of the territories of Arakan and Tenasserim (Tanintharyi) to the British, recognition of British dominance over the small states of northeastern India (including Cachar, Assam, and Manipur), a million-pound indemnity, and the establishment of diplomatic relations between Ava and Calcutta. When the indemnity was paid in full, British forces quit Rangoon, in December 1826.
   The war was a classic instance of the clash between two expanding empires. Though the Burmese fought with great courage in defense of their homeland, British superiority in technology and organization prevailed, though at a high price, because 15,000 out of a total force of 40,000 British Indian troops died, mostly from disease and lack of adequate supplies. The war marked a shift in Burma's relations with Britain from the offensive to the defensive. But with the exception of King Mindon (r. 1853-1878), Burmese monarchs failed to find a way of dealing effectively with the people they dismissively called the Kalapyu ("white Indians"). The Second and Third AngloBurmese Wars were examples of gunboat diplomacy rather than protracted wars and resulted in Burma's complete colonization.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • First Anglo–Burmese War — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=First Burmese War caption=The Storming of one of the principle stockades on its inside, near Rangoon, on the 8th of July 1824. date=1823–1826 place=Burma–India result=British Victory, Treaty of Yandabo… …   Wikipedia

  • Anglo-Burmese War, Second —    (1852)    What began as a series of legal and commercial disputes between British India and Burma ended in the annexation of Lower Burma. Following the fining of two British sea captains for various offenses by the Burmese governor of Rangoon… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Third Anglo-Burmese War — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Third Burmese War caption= date=1885 place=Burma–India result=British victory, Burma annexed into British India casus=Burmese expansion drift combatant1=flagicon|United Kingdom United Kingdom combatant2=Burma… …   Wikipedia

  • Second Anglo-Burmese War — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Second Burmese War caption= date=1852 1853 place=Burma India result=British Victory casus= Treaty of Yandabo combatant1=flagicon|United Kingdom United Kingdom combatant2=Burma commander1=Commodore Lambert… …   Wikipedia

  • Anglo-Burmese Wars — There have been three Burmese Wars or Anglo Burmese Wars:*First Anglo Burmese War (1823 to 1826) *Second Anglo Burmese War (1852 to 1853) *Third Anglo Burmese War (1885 to 1886)War with Britain and the fall of BurmaThe expansion of Burma had… …   Wikipedia

  • Anglo-Burmese Wars — (1824–26, 1852, 1885) Conflicts between the British and the Burmans (Burmese) in present day Myanmar. King Bodawpaya s conquest of Arakan, which bordered on British controlled territory in India, led to border conflicts between Arakan freedom… …   Universalium

  • Anglo-Burmese —    Also known as Anglo Burmans or Eurasians, the children of mixed European and Burmese parentage played a prominent role in colonial society. Colonial Burma was an intensely race conscious society, and Anglo Burmese, along with Anglo Indians… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Anglo-Burmese people — ethnic group group=Anglo Burmese poptime=1.6 million worldwide, including 52,000 in Burma popplace=Australia,United Kingdom,United States, Burma langs=English, Burmese religions=Buddhism, Christianity related=English, Bamar, Anglo Indians, Dutch… …   Wikipedia

  • Anglo-Burmese Wars — (1824–1826, 1852, 1885)    Three short campaigns to extend British control over Burma as part of the larger British imperial regime in India. The first was launched in response to disputes along the border between Manipur and south central Assam …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Sino-Burmese War (1765–1769) — Part of Ten Great Campaigns Burma and China prior t …   Wikipedia